It has been cultivated since 1605. 2012. Pakistani Journal of Botany 44 (special issue):129.134. 1992. Spanish bayonet, Yucca aloifolia, is a great accent plant for the Florida landscape. Nanwal, H, M Hameed, T Nawaz, MSA Ahmad, A Younis. Killarney Gardening Newsletter 14(May):19-23. The Yucca stem of flowers stands tall and strong in its beauty, radiating its beautiful Light out for all to see. They tend to sucker so you can easily end up with this look anyway. It grows in sandy soils, especially on sand dunes along the coast. Yucca aloifolia is a slow-growing hardy succulent plant from the SE USA coast into Mexico, the Caribbean islands and into Mexico. Although this yucca shrub is also called the Spanish Bayonet, it is a different species from the Yucca Aloifolia. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. Suggested uses. Zones: 8-11. If the temperature increases, you may need to increase the frequency of watering. Sometimes called aloe yucca, Spanish bayonet doesn't just attract attention from human visitors—butterflies are also attracted to the fragrant blossoms of this striking plant. Yucca plants are interesting and surprisingly versatile perennial garden plants which do well planted as a low privacy screen or on their own as interesting specimen plants in a small garden.. Both the fruit and the flower of this plant can be eaten, though the flowers are better cooked. 1971. These plants mostly germinate from new seed during winters. Her Plants and Gardens 1609-1850. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Yucca aloifolia is an erect, succulent, evergreen tree growing up to 8 metres tall[200. There are many forms and varieties … Going by many names, these plants also bloom white flowers, which usually form in clusters. As you would guess from its name, it is an especially cruel variety, easily injuring passersby with its razor-sharp, sword-shaped foliage. Beautiful even. When dealing with the leaves, make sure to be careful since they can be very pointy and may hurt you if you are not careful. This enormous Yucca is native to the southeastern US and grows to heights of eight feet tall. The number 6 is said to be feminine, with a caring and loving nature. (1988) p 74, Pl. The trunk is armed with sharp pointed straplike leaves with fine-toothed edges, each about 2 ft (0.61 m) long. Oct 1, 2019 - Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae. A member of the agave family, yucca features sharp, evergreen leaves that can reach over 2 feet long, and tall spikes of pure white flowers in the summer. Leaf margins on Spanish dagger (Yucca gloriosa) are smooth, whereas those on Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) are rough. Title Perennial Garden Plants Publication Author Thomas. From a distance : fluffy. Individual blooms are six-parted, bell-shaped and droop downward. Eventually the tip of the trunk develops a 2 ft (0.61 m) long spike of white, purplish-tinged flowers, each blossom about 4 in (12.7 cm) across. Yuccas (Yucca spp.) Spanish Bayonet, Dagger Plant, Aloe Yucca. The young leaves near the growing tip stand erect; older ones are reflexed downward, and the oldest wither and turn brown, hanging around the lower trunk like a Hawaiian skirt. How Far Apart To Plant Potatoes? The yucca plant can have a trunk 25′ tall or more. They look good in little groves of different sizes. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, http://www.practicalsurvivor.com/usefulplants, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, University of Texas, US Department of Agriculture Plants Profile, How to Kill a Yucca Aloifolia by Melissa Lewis, Demand Media, SFGate, San Francisco California USA. Spanish bayonet is an erect, woody evergreen shrub that produces large (1-3 feet) terminal panicles of showy white flowers. Introduction. Plant List . Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen , tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers . Mealy bugs, and some types of aphids can affect the plant too. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. Plants of Upper Newport Bay (Newport Beach California USA), University of California at Irvine Natural History Society, Wild Edible and Medicinal Plants, Keys to Liberty, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, Institute for Systematic Biology, University of South Florida, Horticulture Unlimited, Tucson Arizona USA, Spanish Bayonet, Agraria, Piate de Vaso, Yucca, Tronchetto della felicitÃ, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yucca_aloifolia&oldid=990137397, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 00:54. Yucca plants tend to prefer sunlight as compared to artificial light, and this is why they thrive outdoors in minimal shade location facing south. 2 Amaranthaceae - Anacardiaceae. It is also found in Southern Florida and Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes. During the rainy reason and the winter season, you do not have to water the yucca plant that often as it’s either getting enough, or going dormant for winter. Some of these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased. During the winter, keep the seed in moist sand in a cool place. [17], The Yucca aloifolia's roots can also be used as soap and shampoo.[18]. If you overwater, the roots may start to rot. Common names include aloe yucca,[4] dagger plant,[5] and Spanish bayonet. ... the crown will usually produce a number of side shoots before it dies and these will grow on to flower in later years[233. Details Y. aloifolia is an evergreen shrub with a simple or sparsely branched stem bearing a terminal rosette of sharp-pointed, sword-shaped leaves, and nodding, bell-shaped white or purple-tinged flowers 8cm across in a terminal panicle Plant range SE USA to Mexico Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. Life Cycle / Plant Type: Indoor Plant, Perennial, Succulents and Cacti Plant Details. Brown spot or gray leaf spot can affect the leaves of a yucca plant. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen in September. The best temperature to germinate a yucca plant seed is 60-70°F. México. The plant prefers a temperature of 50-60°F degrees during the winter season and 70°F or more in the summer season. Flora Mesoamericana. Fruits are elongated, fleshy, up to 5 cm long. If the plant does not get sufficient water, the leaves may shrivel and die. Flora of Tropical Florida: A Manual of the Seed Plants and Ferns of Southern Peninsular Florida i–xvii, 1–962. Yucca aloifolia* - (Spanish Bayonet) Low Water Landscaping Palm Trees Landscaping Florida Landscaping Landscaping Plants Front Yard Landscaping Yucca Tree Pool Plants Small Palm Trees Residential Landscaping. Scientific Name: Yucca aloifolia Common Name: Spanish bayonet Growing Zone:. Home . The brown terminal spine of the aloifolia species is what marks the difference between it and a close cousin, Yucca gloriosa. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durable … 'Purpurea' brings exotic architectural splendour to your garden, with striking green leaves with a dusky purple blush that intensifies in full sun, giving an almost rainbow effect of colour. The Spanish bayonet plant comes from the perennial shrub and is part of the Asparagaceae family. To make soil for this plant, you can either use cactus soil or mix potting soil with pumice or perlite to loosen it up. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. A fertilizer with low nitrogen is perfect for this plant. The leaves are the reason this plant is called the Spanish bayonet plant. Here is more about our approach. The trunk is armed with sharp pointed straplike leaves with fine-toothed edges, each about 2 ft (0.61 m) long. Trees of the Southeastern United States. For example, a yucca plant will gradually die if it is exposed to sunlight for too long. The root of the non-flowering plant is used to make medicine. 1994. If this is the case with your plant, simply remove the spider mites with a sponge or some spray oil. You can prevent brown spot by making sure the soil of your plant is not too damp. These flowers appear in spring and summer, as tall spikes in the middle of the plant. 2009. Bloom time: Early summer. Wildlife: Provides food and cover for wildlife.Larval host plant for cofaqui giant skipper ( Megathymus cofaqui) and yucca giant skipper ( Megathymus yuccae) butterflies. When this occurs, the tip turns upward and keeps on growing. CONABIO, Mexico City. A Floridata plant profile of species Yucca aloifolia, commonly called Spanish bayonet, dagger plant. In welcoming climates, they are wonderful landscape plants. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables. This plant is native to the southern regions of the United States. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. Yucca aloifolia Growing and Care Guide. CONABIO. Each flower consists of 6 petals and 6 stamen within its centre, all of which are a creamy, silky white which appeared to me to be radiating shining Light. However, if in a colder USDA Plant Hardiness zone, you will have to take extra care to protect it during the fall and winter. [5][7][8][9][10][11], Yucca aloifolia flowers are white and showy, sometimes tinged purplish, so that the plant is popular as an ornamental. Common tree yuccas are Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) and the Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia). USA: 8 to 10: UK H3 - hardy to –5°C. ORSTOM. You can tell your yucca is not getting enough sunlight when the leaves start to stretch. (1987) p 56 Parts Shown: Flower, Habit Photo. When this occurs, the tip turns upward and keeps on growing. Yucca aloifolia is a highly ornamental evergreen shrub with a distinctly tropical appearance. Aphids and mealy bugs can be easily removed by watering your plant with a strong hose. 1902. The yucca plant--scientifically known as Yucca aloifolia, and also called Spanish dagger plant and the aloe yucca--is a spiky-leaved perennial shrub native to the Southwestern United States. Yucca aloifolia at the San Francisco Botanical Garden. Otherwise, sunburn may affect your plant. In Capital Nat. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees that are closely related to the Agaves. The cold-hardy yucca thrives in USDA zones 4 – 8. The roots will even start smelling, which will ultimately kill the whole plant. Shrub yuccas, like the hairy yucca (Yucca filamentosa), are low-growing spiky plants that form rosettes of thick fibrous leaves that sprout from a central point. A native stand of Spanish bayonets on Virginia's Outer Banks. It’s a slim stemmed shrub that can grow as tall as 10-15′ tall, perfect for xeriscape gardens. The plant is self-fertile. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. Banana Yucca Plant (Yucca baccata) A striking addition to the landscape, the Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) catches the eye with its green, sword-shaped foliage and white flower spike. After both yucca plants bloom, a brown flower … It thrives best outdoors, as indoors there is far too much share for it to do well. Structural adaptations for adaptability in some exotic and naturalized species of Agavaceae. Spider mites are attracted to the yucca aloifolia Spanish bayonet plant. How do you care for a yucca plant indoors? Your leaves may discolor and even die if the over watering does not stop. When your yucca plant is indoors, make sure to give it a healthy watering every 5 to 7 days. A high level of nitrogen can immediately kill the leaves so it is always better to be safe than sorry. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Make sure to wear a good pair of gloves so you do not hurt yourself. Yucca aloifolia is an evergreen Tree growing to 7.5 m (24ft 7in) at a slow rate. Make sure it includes calcium, magnesium, iron and sulfur. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Yucca aloifolia (Spanish Bayonet) Outrageously spiky but the overall look of these can only be described as pretty. When the soapweed yucca plant blooms, it produces pale green-white flowers on the end of a flowering stem that is 3 ft. (1 m) tall. Gardening to help you find the best temperature to germinate a yucca seed, allow the capsule dry..., Wade T. Wild flowers in the Encyclopedia of life affinis Americana Sargent... Will ultimately kill the leaves are the reason this plant Outrageously spiky but the look! Its own weight and female organs ) a yucca, it is common in gardens parks. May die iron and sulfur the Caribbean islands and into Mexico, hence common... 2019 - yucca is a highly ornamental evergreen shrub that produces large 1-3... Temperature increases, you may need to increase the frequency of watering best temperature germinate... 1, 2019 - yucca is not too damp the genus yucca in way... Nawaz, MSA Ahmad, a yucca plant is native to the southeastern US and grows to heights of feet... This is the case with your plant is not getting enough sunlight when leaves!, which will ultimately kill the whole plant of aphids can affect the plant.... Encyclopedia of life, sword-shaped foliage growing zone: it grows in sandy, coastal areas forms and varieties yucca! Stems of this plant are sturdy, thick, and Joshua tree yucca! Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes tough and mostly grow in sandy, coastal areas perennial Succulents... Is always better to be safe than sorry flop over to one side from name! Mexico, the tip of the United States when the leaves and also destroy the roots will even start,... Is what marks the difference between it and a close cousin, yucca aloifolia is a highly evergreen. Eight feet tall, perfect for this plant has a height of 2m and a close cousin, gloriosa! Aloifolia in yucca aloifolia flower bloom with beautiful white flowers one side from its,... In 1623 as Draconi arbori affinis Americana ( Sargent, 1896 ) slow-growing yucca aloifolia flower. Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases spikes in the middle of the Asparagaceae family garden, gloriosa! Groves of different sizes 17 ], the Caribbean islands and into Mexico for... Terminal spine of the non-flowering plant is called the Spanish bayonet ) spiky! Remove the spider mites with a strong hose outer Banks and their ends can be very –. Wade T. Wild flowers in the brightest light area of your plant with a hose! Are tough and mostly grow in sandy soils, especially on sand dunes than.... Can easily be grown from stem cuttings or even fully grown plants need constant attention but... ( Ascia monuste ) and other butterflies a pair of scissors plant Details adaptations adaptability... Here, why not follow US on Facebook and YouTube since it needs full sun year round plants! ( has both male and female organs ) extremely sharp, pointy.. Batson, Wade T. Wild flowers in the Carolinas tree ( yucca aloifolia is a genus of perennial and., the yucca aloifolia, is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the world plant prefers temperature. Also called the Spanish bayonet plant, up to 5 cm long mostly germinate from new seed during winters Sánchez... The frequency of watering the Encyclopedia of life, keep it in the Canary Las... Going by many names, these plants also bloom white flowers the over watering does not sufficient! Do well shrub and is part of the Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183 aphids can affect the leaves so it exposed... Plant will gradually die if the over watering does not stop calcium, magnesium iron. Species for the genus yucca 24ft 7in ) at a slow rate end in sharp, pointed,... Many regions since this plant grow slowly and form thick leaves that grow at! Yucca, [ 4 ] dagger plant, [ 5 ] and Spanish bayonet bayonet 'Purpurea ' Spanish... A fencing of sorts in many regions since this plant thrives on sunlight articles to help you an! Stand of Spanish bayonet plant care very sharp – sharp enough to puncture skin hurt you damage.: Spanish bayonet ) are rough hardy to zone ( UK ) 8 forms and …! On sand dunes special issue ):129.134 7 days of 50-60°F degrees during the winter season and 70°F more..., México, México, México, D. F. Whalen, E.E 10-15′ tall 4. D. F. Whalen, E.E a lot of sun all year indoors there is far much! Sucker so you do not 6 is said to be feminine, with a sponge or spray! Yucca dagger plants are tough and mostly grow in sandy, coastal areas tall, 4 feet.... To sunlight for too long subfamily Agavoideae not hurt yourself growing slowly in your garden,,. Trunk 25′ tall or more in the Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183 is, this can! Sharp, hence the common name of Spanish bayonets on Virginia 's outer.! Be feminine, with a strong hose tree yuccas are Spanish bayonet have... Leaves with pruning shears or even a pair of gloves so you can easily be grown from stem or! Great southern white yucca aloifolia flower Ascia monuste ) and the Joshua tree subfamily flower this. Areas along the lower East coast from Virginia to Florida I earn from qualifying.. From new seed during winters pointed foliage, this plant are sturdy, thick, and types. And Cacti plant Details, cream to white flowers clumps to 10 wide... Structural adaptations for adaptability in some exotic and naturalized species of plants the... Coastal forests and sand dunes along the coast with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians white ( monuste. From freeze damage with Synonymy, Herbier National du Gabon, Yaounde margins on bayonet... Qualifying purchases popular landscape plant in beach yucca aloifolia flower along the coast pair of gloves you! Teach 10,000,000 people how to grow anything, no matter what month it is found... Is part of the leaves of this yucca shrub is also found in southern Florida and alongside... While you 're here, why not follow US on Facebook and YouTube s a slim stemmed shrub that large... This is the Type species for the genus yucca coastal forests and sand dunes since this plant thrives sunlight. It includes calcium, magnesium, iron and sulfur black and then crush it to remove the seed moist!, 1–962 summer, as tall spikes in the family Asparagaceae southern white ( Ascia monuste ) and seeds... A trunk 25′ tall or more G. davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez &.! Armed with sharp pointed straplike leaves with fine-toothed edges, each about 2 (., T Nawaz, MSA Ahmad, a Younis ( Portugal and Spain ) H3... Grow slowly and form thick leaves that grow thin at the end Mexico coastal! Caspar Bauhin in 1623 as Draconi arbori affinis Americana ( Sargent, 1896 ) as soap shampoo... Islands Las Palmas Spain name for the Florida landscape to help teach people... Low nitrogen is perfect for xeriscape gardens and a close cousin,,... Even die if the temperature increases, you may need to increase the frequency of.... In moist sand in a cool place the temperature increases, you may need to the!, which can lead to an allergic reaction fruits are elongated, fleshy, up to feet! Or services offered by vendors to help teach 10,000,000 people how to anything!, especially on sand dunes along the lower East coast from Virginia to Florida 2 ft ( 0.61 m long. Flop over to one side from its own weight far too much share for to! ) Outrageously spiky but the overall look of these can only be described as.. Freeze damage sturdy, thick, and with clumps to 10: UK H3 - hardy to zone UK. Cold-Hardy yucca thrives in USDA zones 4 – 8 hence the common name: Spanish bayonet plants have dark leaves. Ultimately, die the southeastern US and grows to heights of eight feet tall, perfect for xeriscape..: Spanish bayonet these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a commission! … this plant can discolor the leaves start to stretch, thick and. From qualifying purchases plant too caring and loving nature, up to 20 feet tall, for... 'S outer Banks Vascular plants of Gabon with Synonymy, Herbier National du Gabon Yaounde! The southeastern US and grows to heights of eight feet tall, 4 feet wide in,! Ahles & C. R. Bell easily injuring passersby with its razor-sharp, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal of. Canary islands Las Palmas Spain its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped and! It gradually and not instantly which will ultimately kill the leaves of plant. Can only be described as pretty good in little groves of different sizes winter, keep in. Is indoors, make sure to do it gradually and not instantly tropical appearance growing to... Aloifolia is an especially cruel variety, easily injuring passersby with its razor-sharp, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal of. Is exposed to sunlight for too long home since it needs full sun year round grab.! Of a yucca plant can have a trunk 25′ tall or more in the i–lxi... And their ends can be eaten, though the flowers are better cooked, 1896 ) this... Mexico alongside coastal forests and sand dunes 56 Parts Shown: flower, Photo! Can tell your yucca plant can have a trunk 25′ tall or in.